Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Swine flu (H1N1 virus)

Most people who get the H1N1 swine flu virus will have a mild flu-like illness that does not require a doctor's visit or antiviral medications. In these cases, it's best to stay at home until you have had no fever (without the use of fever-reducing medications) for at least 24 hours. Be sure to cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue and wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading the virus.

People who are at higher risk for complications if they develop the flu:
  • Children younger than 5 years old
  • People 65 and older
  • Pregnant women
  • People who have
  • Cancer;
  • Blood disorders (including sickle cell disease);
  • Chronic lung disease (including asthma or obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]);
  • Diabetes;
  • Heart, Kidney orliverdisorders;
  • Neurological disorders and neuromuscular disorders (including muscular dystrophy andmultiple sclerosis);
  • Weakened immune systems (including people with AIDS).

WARNING SIGNS: Seek medical care immediately (emergency)

In children
  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing,
  • Bluish skin colour,
  • Reduced milk and water intake,
  • Not waking up or not interacting,
  • Child is so much Irritable that he/she does not want to be held,
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough,
  • Fever with a rash.

In adults
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath,
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen,
  • Sudden dizziness,
  • Confusion,
  • Severe or persistent vomiting.