Monday, September 29, 2014

Are you at risk for developing diabetes?

The risk factors for type 1 diabetes are still being researched. However, having a family member with type 1 diabetes slightly increases the risk of developing the disease.

Several risk factors have been associated with type 2 diabetes and include:

  1. Family history of diabetes: Increase risk if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes
  2. Overweight: Excess fatty tissue cause leads to insulin resistance.
  3. Unhealthy diet
  4. Physical inactivity: Physical activity helps to control weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes cells more sensitive to insulin.
  5. Increasing age
  6. High blood pressure
  7. Ethnicity: People of certain races — including blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asians — are at higher risk
  8. Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)*
  9. History of gestational diabetes
  10. Poor nutrition during pregnancy

*Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) is a category of higher than normal blood glucose, but below the threshold for diagnosing diabetes.


Are you at risk for Stroke or Brain Attack ?


Many factors increase the risk for stroke. Some factors can be controlled, while others cannot

  • Strokes are four to six times more likely in people with high blood pressure.
  • People with high cholesterol are at double the risk of having a stroke.
  • Strokes are six times more likely to occur in people with heart disease.
  • Excess weight can lead to heart disease and high cholesterol, which can lead to a stroke.
  • Heavy drinking increases the risk for stroke.
  • Smokers have double the risk for stroke as nonsmokers.


Healthy diet, exercise, controlling blood pressure and not smoking are cornerstones of stroke prevention
  • Control your blood pressure.
  • Find out if you have heart disease, especially an irregular heartbeat known as atrial fibrillation.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Find out if you have a diseased carotid artery
  • Lower your cholesterol.
  • Limit your alcohol intake.
  • Control your weight.
  • If you have diabetes, manage the disease.